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Primary Literature and Methods 

11. Vyas H, Schrankel CS, Espinoza JA, Mitchell KL, Nesbit KT, Jackson E, Chang N, Lee Y, Warner J, Reitzel A, Lyons DC, Hamdoun A. (2022) Generation of a homozygous mutant drug transporter (ABCB1) knockout line in the sea urchin Lytechinus pictus. Development. 2022 Jun 1;149(11):dev200644. doi: 10.1242/dev.200644. Epub 2022 Jun 6. PMID: 35666622.

10. Schrankel CS and Hamdoun A. (2021) Early patterning of ABCB, ABCC, and ABCG transporters establishes unique territories of small molecule transport in embryonic mesoderm and endoderm. Dev Biol. 2021 Jan 15;472:115-124. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2020.12.021. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33460641.

9. Fleming TJ*^, Schrankel CS*, Vyas H*, Rosenblatt HD^, and Hamdoun A. (2021) CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis reveals a role for ABCB1 in gut immune responses to Vibrio diazotrophicus in sea urchin larvae. J Exp Biol. 2021 Mar 2:jeb.232272. doi: 10.1242/jeb.232272. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33653719.      *co-first author.  ^mentored undergraduate.


8. Schuh NW, Carrier TJ, Schrankel CS, Reitzel AM, Heyland A, and Rast JP. (2020) Bacterial exposure mediates developmental plasticity and resistance to lethal Vibrio lentus infection in purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) larvae. Front Immunol. 10:3014. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2019.03014. PMID: 31993052. PMCID: PMC6971090.


7. Schrankel CS, Gökirmak T, Lee CW, Chang G, and Hamdoun A. (2019) Generation, expression and utilization of single-domain antibodies for in-vivo protein localization and manipulation in sea urchin embryos. In: Hamdoun A, Foltz KR, editors: Methods in Cellular Biology, Volume 151. PMID: 30948018. PMCID: PMC6489465


6. Buckley KM*, Ho EC*, Hibino T, Schrankel CS, Schuh N,Wang G, Rast JP. (2017) IL-17 is the primary factor expressed in the gut epithelium during an invertebrate inflammatory response. Elife. doi: 10.7554/eLife.23481. PMID: 28447937. PMCID: PMC5457136  *co-first author.


5. Schrankel CS, Solek CM, Buckley KM, Anderson MK, Rast JP. (2016) A conserved alternative form of the purple sea urchin HEB/E2-2/E2A transcription factor mediates a switch in E-protein regulatory state in differentiating immune cells. Dev Biol. 416(1):149-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2016.05.034

PMID 27265865.


4. Ho EC*, Buckley KM*, Schrankel CS, Schuh NW, Hibino T, Solek CM, Bae K, Wang G, Rast JP. (2016) Perturbation of gut bacteria induces a coordinated cellular immune response in the purple sea urchin larva. Immunol Cell Biol. 94(9):861-874. DOI: 10.1038/icb.2016.51PMID 27192936. PMCID: PMC5073156.    *co-first author


3. Solek CM, Oliveri P, Loza-Coll M, Schrankel CS, Ho EC, Wang G, Rast JP. (2013) An ancient role for Gata-1/2/3 and Scl transcription factor homologs in the development of immunocytes. Dev Biol. 382(1):280-92. PMID 23792116

2. Lun CM, Schrankel CS, Chou HY, Sacchi S, Smith LC. (2016) A recombinant Sp185/333 protein from the purple sea urchin has multitasking binding activities towards certain pathogens and PAMPs. Immunobiology.221(8):889-903. PMID: 27020848


1. Sherman LS, Schrankel CS, Brown KJ, Smith LC. (2015) Extraordinary Diversity of Immune Response Proteins among Sea Urchins: Nickel-Isolated Sp185/333 Proteins Show Broad Variations in Size and Charge. PLoS ONE. 25;10(9). PMID: 26406912






Book Chapters and Reviews


15. Hamdoun A, Schrankel CS, Nesbit K, Espinoza JE. (2018) Sea urchins as lab animals for reproductive and developmental biology. In: Skinner M, Swanson P, editors. Encyclopedia of Reproduction, Second Edition. San Diego: Academic Press.


14. Smith LC, Arriza V, Barela Hudgell MA, Barone G, Bodnar AG, Buckley KM, Cunsolo V, Dheilly N, Franchi N, Fugmann SD, Furukawa R, Garcia-Arraras J, Henson JH, Hibino T, Irons ZH, Li C, Lun CM, Majeske AJ, Oren M, Pagliara P, Pinsino A, Raftos DA, Rast JP, Samasa B, Schillaci D, Schrankel CS, Stabili L, Stensväg K, Sutton E.  (2018) Complexity of the Immune System in Echinoderms. In: Cooper EL, editor. Comparative Immunology. Springer Publisher. All equal contributors.

13. Ghosh J, Lun CM, Majeske AJ, Sacchi S, Schrankel CS, Smith LC. (2011) Invertebrate immune diversity. Dev Comp Immunol.35(9):959-74. PMID: 21182860. All equal contributors.

12. Smith LC, Ghosh J, Buckley KM, Clow LA, Dheilly NM, Haug T, Henson JH, Li C, Lun CM, Majeske AJ, Matranga V, Nair SV, Rast JP, Raftos DA, Roth M, Sacchi S, Schrankel CS, Stensvag K. (2010) Echinoderm immunity. In Adv Exp Med Biol. PMID 21528703. All equal contributors.

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